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Republic Act 9442
Republic of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines
Third Regular Session
Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the twenty-fourth day of July, two thousand and six.
AN ACT AMENDING REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7277, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE “MAGNA CARTA FOR DISABLED PERSONS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES”
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
SECTION 1. a new chapter, to be denominated as “Chapter 8. Other privileges and Incentives” is hereby added to Title Two of Republic Act No. 7277, otherwise known as the “Magna Carta for Disabled Persons”, with new Sections 32 and 33, to read as follows:
“CHAPTER 8. Other Privileges and Incentives
“SEC. 32. Persons with disability shall be entitled to the following:
(a) At least twenty percent (20%) discount from all establishments relative to the utilization of all services in hotels and similar lodging establishments; restaurants and recreation centers for the exclusive use or enjoyment of persons with disability;
(b) A minimum of twenty percent (20%) discount on admission fees charged by theaters, cinema houses, concert halls, circuses, carnivals and other similar places of culture, leisure and amusement for the exclusive use of enjoyment of persons with disability;
(c) At least twenty percent (20%) discount for the purchase of medicines in all drugstores for the exclusive use or enjoyment of persons with disability;
(d) At least twenty percent (20%) discount on medical and dental services including diagnostic and laboratory fees such as, but not limited to, x-rays, computerized tomography scans and blood tests, in all government facilities, subject to guidelines to be issued by the Department of Health (DOH), in coordination with the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PHILHEALTH);
(e) At least twenty percent (20%) discount on medical and dental services including diagnostic and laboratory fees, and professional fees of attending doctors in all private hospitals and medical facilities, in accordance with the rules and regulations to be issued by the DOH, in coordination with the PHILHEALTH;
(f) At least twenty percent (20%) discount on fare for domestic air and sea travel for the exclusive use or enjoyment of persons with disability;
(g) At least twenty percent (20%) discount in public railways, skyways and bus fare for the exclusive use and enjoyment of person with disability;
(h) Educational assistance to persons with disability, for them to pursue primary, secondary, tertiary, post tertiary, as well as vocational or technical education, in both public and private schools, through the provision of scholarships, grants, financial aids, subsidies and other incentives to qualified persons with disability, including support for books, learning material, and uniform allowance to the extent feasible: Provided, That persons with disability shall meet minimum admission requirements;
(i) To the extent practicable and feasible, the continuance of the same benefits and privileges given by the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), and PAG-IBIG, as the case may be, as are enjoyed by those in actual service;
(j) To the extent possible, the government may grant special discounts in special programs for persons with disability on purchase of basic commodities, subject to guidelines to be issued for the purpose by the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and the Department of Agricultural (DA); and
(k) Provision of express lanes for persons with disability in all commercial and government establishments; in the absence thereof, priority shall be given to them.
The above mentioned privileges are available only to persons with disability who are Filipino citizens upon submission of any of the following as proof of his/her entitlement thereto:
(I) An identification card issued by the city or municipal mayor or the barangay captain of the place where the persons with disability resides;
(II) The passport of the persons with disability concerned; or
(III) Transportation discount fare Identification Card (ID) issued by the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons (NCWDP).
The privileges may not be claimed if the persons with disability claims a higher discount sa may be granted by the commercial establishment and/or under other existing laws or in combination with other discount programs/s.
The establishments may claim the discounts granted in sub-sections (a), (b), (c), (f) and (g) as tax deductions based on the net cost of the goods sold or services rendered: Provided, further, That the total amount of the claimed tax deduction net of value-added tax if applicable, shall be included in their gross sales receipts for tax purposes and shall be subject to proper documentation and to the provisions of the National Internal Revenue Code (NIRC), as amended.”
“SEC. 33. Incentives. – Those caring for and living with a person with disability shall be granted the following incentives:
(a) Persons with disability shall be treated as dependents under the Section 35 (A) of the National Internal Revenue Code, as amended and as such, individual taxpayers caring for them shall be accorded the privileges granted by the code insofar as having dependents under the same section are concerned; and
(b) Individuals or nongovernmental institutions establishing homes, residential communities or retirement villages solely to suit the needs and requirements of persons with disability shall be accorded the following:
(i) Realty tax holiday for the first five years of operation; and
(ii) Priority in the building and/or maintenance of provincial or municipal roads leading to the aforesaid home, residential community or retirement village.”
SEC. 2. Republic Act No. 7277 is hereby amended inserting a new title, chapter and section after Section 38 be denominated as title 4, chapters 1 and 2 and Sections 40, 41 and 42 to read as follows:
Prohibitions on Verbal, Non-verbal Ridicule
and Vilification Against Persons with Disability
“CHAPTER 1. Deliverance from Public Ridicule
“SEC. 39. Public Ridicule. – For purposes of this chapter, public ridicule shall be defined as an act of making fun or contemptuous imitating or making mockery of persons with disability whether in writing, or in words, or in action due to their impairment/s.
“SEC. 40. No individual, group or community shall execute any of these acts of ridicule against persons with disability in any time and place which could intimidate or result in loss of self-esteem of the latter.
“CHAPTER 2. Deliverance from Vilification
“SEC 41. Vilification. – For purposes of this Chapter, vilification shall be defined as:
(a) The utterance of slanderous and abusive statements against a person with disability; and/or
(b) An activity in public which incites hatred towards, serious contempt for, or severe ridicule of persons with disability.”
“SEC. 42. Any individual, group or community is hereby prohibited from vilifying any person with disability which could result into loss of self-esteem of the latter.”
SEC. 3. Section 46 of Republic Act No. 7277 is hereby amended to read as follows:
“SEC. 46. Penal Clause. – (a) Any person who violates any provision of this Act shall suffer the following penalties:
(1) For the first violation, a fine of not less than Fifty Thousand pesos (P50,000.00) but not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) or imprisonment of not less than six months but not more than two years, or both at the discretion of the court; and
(2) For any subsequent violation, a fine of not less than One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) but not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00) or imprisonment for not less than two years but not more than six years, or both at the discretion of the court.
(b) Any person who abuses the privileges granted herein shall be punished with imprisonment of not less than six months or a fine of not less than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00), but not more than Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00), or both, at the discretion of the court.
(c) If the violator is a corporation, organization or any similar entity, the officials thereof directly involved shall be liable therefore.
(d) If the violator is an alien or a foreigner, he shall be deported immediately after service of sentence without further deportation proceedings.
Upon filing of an appropriate complaint, and after due notice and hearing, the proper authorities may also cause the cancellation or revocation of the business permit, permit to operate, franchise and other similar privileges granted to any business entity that fails to abide by the provisions of this Act.”
SEC. 4. The title of Republic Act No. 7277 is hereby amended to read as the “Magna Carta for Persons with Disability”, and all references on the said law to “Disabled persons” shall likewise be amended to read as “persons with disability”.
SEC. 5. The Department of Social Welfare and Development, the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons, and the Bureau of Internal Revenue, in consultation with the concerned Senate and House committees and other agencies, organizations, establishments shall formulate implementing rules and regulations pertinent to the provision of this Act within six months after the effectivity of this Act.
SEC. 6. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in any two newspapers of general circulation.
(Sgd.) JOSE DE VENECIA JR.
(Sgd.) MANNY VILLAR
Speakier of the House of Representatives
President of the Senate
This Act which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 2580 and House Bill No. 1214 was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on February 8, 2007 and February 7, 2008 respectively.
(Sgd.) ROBERTO P. NAZARENO
(Sgd.) OSCAR G. YABES
Secretary General House of Representatives
Secretary of the Senate
Approved: 30 APRIL 2007
(Sgd.) GLORIA MACAPAGAL â€“ ARROYO
President of the Philippines
Republic Act 7277
Republic of the Philippines
CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES
Fifth Regular Session
BEGUN AND HELD IN METRO MANILA, ON MONDAY, THE TWENTY SECOND DAY OF JULY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND NINETY-ONE.
Republic Act No. 7277
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE REHABILITATION, SELF-DEVELOPMENT AND SELF-RELIANCE OF DISABLED PERSON AND THEIR INTEGRATION
INTO THE MAINSTREAM OF SOCIETY AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
TITLE ONE â€“ GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I â€“ Basic Principle
SECTION 1. Title â€“ This Act shall be known and cited as the â€œMagna Carta for Disabled Personsâ€.
SECTION 2. Declaration of Polity â€“ The grant of the rights and privileges for disabled persons shall be guided by the following principles:
(a). Disabled persons are part of the Philippine society, thus the Senate shall give full support to the improvement of the total well-being of disabled persons and their integration into the mainstream of society.
Toward this end, the State shall adopt policies ensuring the rehabilitation, self-development and self-reliance of disabled persons.
It shall develop their skills and potentials to enable them to compete favorably for available opportunities.
(b). Disabled persons have the same rights as other people to take their proper place in society. They should be able to live freely and as independently as possible. This must be the concern of everyone â€“ the family, community and all government and non-government organizations. Disabled personâ€™s rights must never be perceived as welfare services by the Government.
(c). The rehabilitation of the disabled persons shall be the concern of the Government in order to foster their capability to attain a more meaningful, productive and satisfying life. To reach out to a greater number of disabled persons, the rehabilitation services and benefits
shall be expanded beyond the traditional urban-based centers to community based programs, that will ensure full participation of different sectors as supported by national and local government agencies.
(d). The State also recognizes the role of the private sector in promoting the welfare of disabled persons and shall encourage partnership in programs that address their needs and concerns.
(e). To facilitate integration of disabled persons into the mainstream of society, the State shall advocate for and encourage respect for disabled persons. The State shall exert all efforts to remove all social, cultural, economic, environmental and attitudinal barriers that
are prejudicial to disabled persons.
SECTION 3. Coverage â€“ This Act shall covers all disabled persons and, to the extend herein provided, departments, offices and agencies of the National Government or non-government organization involved in the attainment of the objectives of this Act.
SECTION 4. Definition of Terms â€“ For purposes of this Act, these terms are defined as follows:
(a). Disabled Persons are those suffering from restriction of different abilities, as a result of a mental, physical or sensory impairment, to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being;
(b). Impairment is any loss, diminution or aberration of psychological, physiological, or anatomical structure of function;
(c). Disability â€“ shall mean (1) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more psychological, physiological or anatomical function of an individual or activities of such individual; (2) a record of such an impairment; or (3) being regarded as having such an impairment;
(d). Handicap â€“ refers to a disadvantage for a given individual resulting from an impairment or a disability, that limits or prevents the functions or activity, that is considered normal given the age and sex of the individual;
(e). Rehabilitation â€“ is an integrated approach to physical, social, cultural, spiritual, educational and vocational measures that create conditions for the individual to attain the highest possible level of functional ability;
(f). Social Barriers â€“ refer to the characteristics of institutions, whether legal, economic, cultural, recreational or other, any human group, community, or society which limit the fullest possible participation of disabled persons in the life of the group. Social barriers include negative attitudes which tends to single out and exclude disabled persons and which distort roles and interpersonal relationship;
(g). Auxiliary Aids and Services include:
1) qualified interpreters or other effective methods of delivering materials to individuals with hearing impairments;
2) qualified readers, taped tests, or other effective methods of delivering materials to individuals with visual impairments;
3) acquisition or modification of equipment or devices; and
4) other similar services and actions or all types of aids and services that facilitate the learning process of people with mental disability;
(h). Reasonable Accommodation include (1) improvement of existing facilities used by employees in order to render these readily accessible to and usable by disabled persons; and (2) modification of work schedules, reassignment to a vacant position, acquisition or modification of equipment or devices, appropriate adjustments or modifications of examinations, training materials or company policies, rules and regulations, the provisions of auxiliary aids and services, and other similar accommodations for disabled persons;
(i). Sheltered Employment refers to the provision of productive work for disabled persons through workshop providing special facilities, income producing projects or homework schemes with a view to given them the opportunity to earn a living thus enabling them to acquire a working capacity required in open industry.
(j). Auxiliary Social Services are the supportive activities in the delivery of social services to the marginalized sectors of society;
(k). Marginalized Disabled Persons refer to disabled persons who lack access to rehabilitative services and opportunities to be able to participate fully in socioeconomic activities and who have no means of livelihood or whose incomes fall below poverty threshold;
(l). Qualified Individual with a Disability shall mean an individual with a disability who, with or without reasonable accommodations, can perform the essential functions of the employment position that such individual holds or desires. However, consideration shall be given to the employerâ€™s judgement as to what functions of a job are essential, and if an employer has prepared a written description before advertising or interviewing applicants for the job, this description shall be considered evidence of the essential functions of the job;
(m). Readily Achievable means a goal can be easily attained and carried out without much difficulty or expense. In determining whether an action is readily achievable, factors to be considered include â€“
1) the nature and cost of the action;
2) the overall financial resources of the facility or facilities involved in the action; the number of persons employed at such facility; the effect on expenses and
resources, or the impact otherwise of such action upon the operation of the facility;
3) the overall financial resources of the covered entity with respect to the number of its employees; the number, type and location of its facilities; and
4) the type of operation or operations of the covered entity, including the composition, structure and functions of the work force of such entity; the geographic
separateness, administrative or fiscal relationship of the facilities in question to the covered entity;
(n). Public Transportation means transportation by air, land and sea that provides the public with general or special service on a regular and continuing basis;
(o). Covered entity means employer, employment agency, labor organization or joint labor-management committee; and
(p). Commerce shall be taken to mean a s travel, trade, traffic, commerce, transportation, or communication among the provinces or between any foreign country or any territory or possession and any province.
TITLE TWO â€“ RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES OF DISABLED PERSONS
CHAPTER I – Employment
SECTION 5. Equal Opportunity for Employment â€“ No disabled
persons shall be denied access to opportunities for suitable employment. A qualified disabled employee shall be subject to the same terms and conditions of employment and the same compensation, privileges, benefits, fringe benefits,incentives or allowances as a qualified able-bodied person. Five percent (5%) of all casual, emergency and contractual positions in the Department of Social Welfare and Development; Health; Education, Culture and Sports; and other government agencies, offices or corporations engaged in social development shall be reserved for disabled persons.
SECTION 6. Sheltered Employment â€“ If suitable employment for disabled persons cannot be found through open employment as provided in the immediately preceding Section, the State shall endeavor to provide it by means of sheltered employment. In the placement of disabled persons in sheltered employment, it shall accord due regard to the individual qualities, vocational goals and inclinations to ensure a good working atmosphere and efficient production.
SECTION 7. Apprenticeship â€“ Subject to the provision of the Labor Code as amended, disabled persons shall be eligible as apprentices or learners; Provided, That their handicap is not much as to effectively impede the performance of job operations in the particular occupation for which they are hired; Provided, further, That after the lapse of the period of apprenticeship if found satisfactory in the job performance, they shall be eligible for employment.
SECTION 8. Incentives for Employer â€“ (a) To encourage the active participation of the private sector in promoting the welfare of disabled persons and to ensure gainful employment for qualified disabled persons, adequate incentives shall be provided to private entities which employ disabled persons.
(b). Private entities that employ disabled persons who meet the required skills or qualifications, either as regular employee, apprentice or learner, shall be entitled to an additional deduction, from their gross income, equivalent to twenty-five percent (25%) of the total amount paid as salaries and wages to disabled persons: Provided, however, That such entities present proof as certified by the Department of Labor and Employment that disabled person are under their employ. Provided, further, That the disabled employee is accredited with the Department of Labor and Employment and the Department of Health as to his disability, skills and qualifications.
(c). Private entities that improved or modify their physical facilities in order to provide reasonable accommodation for disabled persons shall also be entitled to an additional deduction from their net taxable income, equivalent to fifty percent (50%) of the direct costs of the improvements or modifications. This section, however, does not apply to improvements or modifications of facilities required under Batas Pambansa Bilang 344.
SECTION 9. Vocational Rehabilitation â€“ Consistent with the principle of equal opportunity for disabled workers and workers in general, the State shall take appropriate vocational rehabilitation measures that shall serve to develop the skills and potential of disabled persons and enable them to compete favorably for available productive and remunerative employment opportunities in the labor market. The State shall also take measures to ensure the provisions of vocational rehabilitation and livelihood services for disabled persons in the rural areas. In addition, it shall promote cooperation and coordination between the government and non-government organization and other private entities engaged in vocational rehabilitation activities.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development shall design and implement training programs that will provide disabled persons with vocational skills to enable them to engage in livelihood activities or obtain gainful employment. The Department of Labor and Employment shall likewise design and conduct training programs geared towards providing disabled persons with skills for livelihood.
SECTION 10. Vocational Guidance and Counselling â€“ The Department of Social Welfare and Development shall implement measures providing and evaluating vocational guidance and counselling to enable disabled persons to secure, retain and advance in employment. It shall ensure the availability and training counsellors and other suitability qualified staff responsible for the vocational guidance and counselling of disabled persons.
SECTION 11. Implementing Rules and Regulations â€“ The Department of Labor and Employment shall in coordination with the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons (NCWDP), shall promulgate the rules and regulations necessary to implement the provision under this Chapter.
CHAPTER 2 – Education
SECTION 12. Access to Quality Education â€“ The State shall ensure that disabled persons are provided with adequate access to quality education and ample opportunities to develop their skills. It shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all disabled persons. It shall be unlawful for any learning institutions to deny a disabled person admission to any course it offers by reason of handicap or disability. The State shall take into consideration the special requirements of disabled persons in the formulation of education policies and program. It shall encourage learning institutions to take into account the special needs of disabled persons with respect to the use of school facilities, class schedules, physical education requirements and other pertinent consideration. The State shall also promote the provision by learning institutions, of auxiliary services that will facilitate the learning process for disabled persons.
SECTION 13. Assistance to Disabled Students â€“ The State shall provide financial assistance to economically marginalized but deserving disabled students pursuing post secondary or tertiary education. Such assistance may be in the form of scholarship grants, student loan programs, subsidies, and other incentives to qualified disabled students in both public and private schools. At least five percent (5%) of the allocation for the Private Education Student Financial Assistance Program created by virtue of R.A. 6725 shall be set aside for disabled students pursuing vocational or technical and degree courses.
SECTION 14. Special Education â€“ The State shall establish, maintain and support a complete, adequate and integrated system of special education for the visually impaired, hearing impaired, mentally retarded persons and other type of exceptional children in all regions of the country. Towards this end, the Department of Education, Culture and Sports shall establish special education classes in public schools in cities, or municipalities. It shall also establish, where viable, Braille and Record Libraries in provinces, cities or municipalities. The National Government shall allocate funds necessary for the effective implementation of the special education program nationwide. Local government units may likewise appropriate counterpart funds to supplement national funds.
SECTION 15. Vocational or Technical and Other Training Programs â€“ The State provide disabled persons with training in civics, vocational efficiency,
sports and physical fitness, and other skills. The Department of Education, Culture and Sports shall establish in at least one government-owned vocational
and technical school in every province a special vocational and technical training program for disabled persons. It shall develop and implement sports and
physical fitness program specifically designed for disabled persons taking into consideration the nature of their handicap. SECTION 16. Non-Formal Education â€“ The State shall develop nonformal education programs intended for the total human development of disabled persons. It shall provide adequate resources for non-formal education programs and projects that cater to the special needs of disabled persons.
SECTION 17. State Universities and Colleges â€“ If viable and needed, the State Universities or State Colleges in each region or province shall be responsible for (a) the development of material appliances and technical aids for disabled persons; (b) the development of training materials for vocational rehabilitation and special education instructions; and (c) the research on special problems, particularly of the visually-impaired, hearing-impaired, and orthopedically-impaired students, mentally retarded, and multi-handicapped and other, and the elimination of social barriers and discrimination against disabled persons; and (d) inclusion of the Special Education for Disabled (SPED) course in the curriculum. The National Government shall provide these state universities and colleges with the necessary special facilities for visually-impaired, hearingimpaired, speech impaired, and orthopedically-impaired students. It shall likewise allocate the necessary funds in support of the above.
CHAPTER 3 – Health
SECTION 18. National Health Program â€“ The Department of Health, in coordination with National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons, shall institute a national health program which shall aim to attain the following:
(a). prevention of disability, whether occurring prenatally or post-natally;
(b). recognition and early diagnosis of disability; and
(c). early rehabilitation of the disabled.
SECTION 19. Rehabilitation Centers â€“ The Department of Health shall establish medical rehabilitation centers in government provincial hospitals, and shall include it annual appropriation the necessary funds for the operation of such centers. The Department of Health shall formulate and implement a program to enable marginalized disabled persons to avail of free rehabilitation services in government hospitals.
SECTION 20. Health Services â€“ The State shall protect and promote the right to health of disabled persons and shall adopt an integrated and comprehensive approach to their health development which shall make essential health services available to them at affordable cost. The National Government shall provide an integrated health service for disabled persons which shall include, but not limited to, the following:
(a). prevention of disability through immunization, nutrition, environmental protection and preservation, and genetic counselling; and early detection of disability and timely intervention to arrest disabling condition; and
(b). medical treatment and rehabilitation.
The Department of Health shall field medical personnel specializing in the treatment and rehabilitation of disabled persons to provincial hospitals and, when
viable, to municipal health centers. It shall also train its field health personnel in the provision of medical attention to disabled persons. It shall further ensure that its field health units have the necessary capabilities to fit prosthetic and orthotic appliances on disabled persons.
CHAPTER 4 â€“ Auxiliary Social Services
SECTION 21. Auxiliary Social Services â€“ The State shall ensure that marginalized persons are provided with the necessary auxiliary services that will restore their social functioning and participation in community affairs. Toward this end, the Department of Social Welfare and Development shall develop and implement programs on auxiliary social services that respond to the needs of marginalized disabled persons. The components of such a program shall be as follows:
(a). assistance in the acquisition of prosthetic devices and medical intervention of specialty services;
(b). provision of specialized training activities designed to improved functional limitations of disabled persons related to communications skills;
(c). development among disabled persons of a positive self-image through the provision of counselling, orientation and mobility and strengthening daily living capability;
(d). provision of family care services geared towards developing the capability of families to respond to the needs of the disabled members of the family;
(e). provision of substitute family care services and the facilities therefore for abandoned, neglected, abused and unattached disabled persons who need custodial care;
(f). provision of after care and follow-up services for the continued rehabilitation in a community-based setting of disabled persons who were released from the residential care or rehabilitation center; and
(g). provision of day care services for disabled children of pre-school age.
CHAPTER 5 – Telecommunications
SECTION 22. Broadcast Media â€“ Television stations shall be encouraged to provide a sign language inset or subtitles in at least one (1) newscast program a day and special program covering events of national significance.
SECTION 23. Telephone Services â€“ All telephone companies shall be encouraged to install special telephone devices or units for the hearing-impaired and ensure that they are commercially available to enable them to communicate through the telephone system.
SECTION 24. Free Postal Charges for the Disabled â€“ Postal charges shall be free on the following:
(a). article and literature like books and periodicals, orthopedic and other devices, and teaching aids for the use of the disabled sent by mail within the Philippines and abroad; and
(b). aids and orthopedic devices for the disabled sent abroad by mail for repair; Provided, That the aforesaid items are for personal purposes only: Provided further, That the disabled person is a marginalized disabled as certified
by the Social Welfare and Development Office of the local government unit concerned or the Department of Social Welfare and Development.
CHAPTER 6 – Accessibility
SECTION 25. Barrier-Free Environment â€“ The State shall ensure the attainment of a barrier-free environment that will enable disabled persons to have access in public and private buildings and establishments and such other places mentioned in Batas Pambansa Bilang 344, otherwise known as the â€œAccessibility Lawâ€. The national and local government shall allocate funds for the provision of architectural or structural features for disabled persons in government buildings and facilities.
SECTION 26. Mobility â€“ The State promote the mobility of disabled persons. Disabled persons shall be allowed to drive motor vehicles, subject to the rules and regulations issued by the Land Transportation Office pertinent to the nature of their disability and the appropriate adaptations or modifications made on such vehicles.
SECTION 27. Access to Public Transport Facilities â€“ The Department of Social Welfare and Development shall develop a program to assist marginalized disabled persons gain access in the use of public transport facilities. Such assistance may be in the form of subsidized transportation fare. The said department shall also allocate such funds as may be necessary for the effective implementation of the public transport program for the disabled persons. The â€œAccessibility Law,â€ as amended, shall be made supplementary to this Act.
SECTION 28. Implementing Rules and Regulations â€“ The Department of Transportation and Communications shall formulate the rules and regulations necessary to implement the provision of this Chapter.
CHAPTER 7 â€“ Political and Civil Rights
SECTION 29. System of Voting â€“ Disabled persons shall be allowed to be assisted by a person of his choice in voting in the national or local elections. The person thus chosen shall prepare ballot for the disabled voter inside the voting booth. The person assisting shall bind himself in a formal document under oath to fill out the ballot strictly in accordance with the instructions of the voter and not to reveal the contents of the ballot prepared by him. Violation of this provision shall constitute an election offense. Polling places should be made accessible to disabled persons during the national or local elections.
SECTION 30. Right to Assemble â€“ Consistent with the provisions of the Constitution, the State shall recognize the right of disabled persons to participate in processions, rallies, parades, demonstrations, public meetings, and assemblages or other forms of mass or concerted action held in public.
SECTION 31. Right to Organize â€“ The State recognize the rights of disabled persons to form organizations or associations that promote their welfare and advance or safeguard their interests. The National Government, through its agencies, instrumentalities and subdivisions, shall assist disabled persons in establishing self-help organizations by providing them with necessary technical and financial assistance. Concerned government agencies and offices shall establish close linkages with organizations of disabled persons in order to respond expeditiously to the needs of disabled persons. National line agencies and local government units shall assist disabled persons in setting up specific projects that will be managed like business propositions. To ensure the active participation of disabled persons in the social economic development of the country, their organizations shall be encouraged to participate in the planning, organization and management of government programs and projects for disabled persons. Organizations of disabled persons shall participate in the identification and preparation of programs that shall serve to develop employment opportunities for the disabled persons.
TITLE THREE â€“ PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATION AGAINST DISABLED PERSONS
CHAPTER 1 â€“ Discrimination on Employment
SECTION 32. Discrimination on Employment â€“ No entity, whether public or private, shall discriminate against a qualified disabled person by reason of disability in regard to job application procedures, the hiring, promotion, or discharge of employees, employee compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment. The following constitute acts of discrimination:
(a). Limiting, segregating or classifying a disabled job applicant in such a manner that adversely affects his work opportunities;
(b). Using qualification standards, employment tests or other selection criteria that screen out or tend to screen out a disabled person unless such standards, tests or other selection criteria are shown to be jobrelated for the position on question and are consistent with business necessity;
(c). Utilizing standards, criteria, or methods of administration that:
1). have the effect of discrimination on the basis of disability; or
2). perpetuate the discrimination of others who are subject to common administrative control;
(d). Providing less compensation, such as salary, wage or other forms of remuneration and fringe benefits, to a qualified disabled employee, by reason of his disability, than the amount to which a non-disabled person performing the same work is entitled;
(e). Favoring a non-disabled employee over a qualified disabled employee with respect to promotion, training opportunities, study and scholarship grants, solely on account of the latterâ€™s disability;
(f). Re-assigning or transferring a disabled employee to a job or position he cannot perform by reason of his disability;
(g). Dismissing or terminating the services of a disabled employee by reason of his disability unless the employer can prove that he impairs the satisfactory performance of the work involve to the prejudice of the business entities; Provided, however, That the employer first sought provide reasonable accommodations for disabled persons;
(h). Failing to select or administer in the effective manner employment tests which accurately reflect the skills, aptitude or other factor of the disabled applicant or employee that such test purports to measure, rather than the impaired sensory, manual or speaking skills of such applicant or employee, if any; and
(i). Excluding disabled persons from membership in labor unions or similar organization.
SECTION 33. Employment Entrance Examination â€“ Upon an offer of employment, a disabled applicant may be subjected to medical examination, on the following occasions:
(a). all entering employees are subjected to such an examination regardless of disability;
(b). information obtained during the medical condition or history of the applicant is collected and maintained on separate forms and in separate medical files and is treated as a confidential medical record, Provided, however, That:
1). supervisors and managers may be informed regarding necessary restrictions on the work or duties of the employees and necessary accommodations;
2). first aid and safety personnel my be informed, when appropriate, if the disability might require emergency treatment;
3). government officials investigating compliance with this Act shall be provided relevant information on request; and
4). the results of such examination are used only accordance with this Act.
CHPTER 2 â€“ Discrimination on Transportation
SECTION 34. Public Transportation â€“ It shall be considered discrimination for the franchises or operators and personnel of sea, land, and air transportation facilities to charge higher fare or to refuse to convey a passenger, his orthopedic devices, personal effects, and merchandise by reason of his disability.
CHAPTER 3 â€“ Discrimination on the Use of Public
Accommodations and Services
SECTION 35. Public Accommodations and Services â€“ For purposes of this Chapter, public accommodations and services shall include the following:
(a). an inn, hotel, motel, or other place of lodging, except for an establishment located within a building that contains not more than five (5) rooms for rent or hire and that is actually occupied by the proprietor of such establishment as the residence of such proprietor;
(b). a restaurant, bar or other establishment serving food or drink;
(c). a motion picture, theater, concert hall, stadium, or other place of exhibition or entertainment;
(d). an auditorium, convention center, lecture hall, or other place of public gathering;
(e). a bakery, grocery store, hardware store, shopping center, or other sales or rental establishment;
(f). a bank, barber-shop, beauty-shop, travel service, funeral parlor, gas station, office of a lawyer, pharmacy, insurance office, professional office of a health care provider, hospital or other service establishment;
(g). a terminal, depot, or other station used for specified public transportation;
(h). a museum, gallery, library or other place of public display or collection;
(i). a park, zoo, amusement park, or other place of recreation;
(j). a nursery, elementary, secondary, undergraduate, or post-graduate private school, or other place of education;
(k). a gymnasium, health spa, bowling alley, golf course; or
(l). other place of exercise or recreation.
SECTION 36. Discrimination on the Use of Public Accommodations
â€“ (a) No disabled persons shall be discriminated on the basis of disability in the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages
or accommodations of any place of public accommodation by any person who owns, leases, or operates a place of public accommodation. The following constitute acts of discrimination:
1). denying a disabled person, directly through contractual, licensing, or other arrangement, the opportunity to participate in or benefit from the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations of an entity by reason of his disability;
2). affording a disabled person, on the basis of his disability, directly or through contractual, licensing, or other arrangement, with the opportunity to participate in or benefit from a good, service, facility, privilege, advantage, or accommodation that is not equal to that afforded to other able-bodied persons; and
3). providing disability, directly or through contractual, licensing, or other arrangement, with a good, service, facility, advantages, privilege, or accommodation that is different or separate from that provided to other able-bodied persons unless such action is necessary to provide the disabled person with a good, service, facility, advantage, privilege or accommodation, or other opportunity that is as effective as that provided to others;
For purpose of this section, the term â€œindividuals or class individualsâ€ refers to the clients or customers of the covered public accommodation that enters into the contractual, licensing or other arrangement.
(b). Integrated Settings â€“ Goods, services, facilities, advantages, and accommodations shall be afforded to an individual with a disability in the most integrated setting appropriate to the needs of the individual.
(c). Opportunity to Participate â€“ Not withstanding the existence of separate or different programs or activities provided in accordance with this section, an individual with a disability shall not be denied the opportunity to participate in such programs or activities that are not
separate or different.
(d). Association â€“ It shall be discriminatory to exclude or otherwise deny equal goods, services, facilities, advantages, privileges, accommodations or other opportunities to an individual or entity because of the known disability of an individual with whom the individual or entity is known to have a relationship or association.
(e). Prohibitions â€“ For purposes of this Section, the following shall be considered as discriminatory.
1). the imposition or application of eligibility criteria that screen out or tend to screen out an individual with a disability or any class or individuals with disabilities from fully and equally enjoying and goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, accommodations, unless such criteria can be shown to be necessary for the provision of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, or accommodations being offered;
2). a failure to make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures, when such modification are necessary to afford such goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages or accommodations to individuals with disabilities, unless the entity can demonstrate that making such modification would fundamentally alter the nature of the goods, facilities, services, privileges, advantages, or accommodations;
3). Failure to take steps as may be necessary to ensure that no individual with disability is excluded, denied services, segregated or otherwise treated differently than other individuals because of the absence of auxiliary aids and services, unless the entity can demonstrate that taking such steps would fundamentally alter the nature of the good, service, facility, privilege or would result in undue burden;
4). a failure to remove architectural barriers, and communication barriers that are structural in nature, in existing facilities, where such removal is readily achievable; and
5). where an entity can demonstrate that the removal of a barrier under clause (4) is not readily achievable, a failure to make such goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations available through alternative methods if such methods are readily achievable.
SECTION 37. Use of Government Recreational or Sports Centers
Free of Charge â€“ Recreational or sports centers owned or operated by the Governent shall be used, free of charge, by marginalized disabled persons during their social, sports or recreation activities.
SECTION 38. Implementing Rules and Regulations â€“ The Department of Public Works and Highway shall formulate the rules and regulations necessary to implement the provisions of this Chapter.
TITLE FOUR â€“ FINAL PROVISIONS
SECTION 39. Housing Program â€“ The National Government shall take into consideration in its national shelter programs the special housing requirement of disabled persons.
SECTION 40. Role of National Agencies and Local Government Units â€“ Local government units shall promote the establishment of organizations of disabled persons in their respective territorial jurisdictions. National agencies and local government units may enter into joint ventures with organizations or associations of disabled persons to explore livelihood opportunities and other undertaking that shall enhance the health, physical fitness and the economic and social well-being of disabled persons.
SECTION 41. Support From Non-government Organizations â€“ Nongovernment organizations or private volunteer organizations dedicated to the purpose of promoting and enhancing the welfare of disabled persons shall, as they, are hereby encouraged, become partners of the Government in the implementation of vocational rehabilitation measures and other related programs and projects. Accordingly, their participation in the implementation of said measures, program and projects is to be extended all possible support by the Government. The Government shall sponsor a volunteer service program which shall harness the involvement of private individual in the provision of assistance to disabled persons.
SECTION 42. Tax Incentives â€“ (a) Any donation, bequest, subsidy or financial aid which may be made to government agencies engaged in the rehabilitation of disabled persons and organizations of disabled persons shall be exempt form the donorâ€™s tax subject to the provisions of Section 94 of the National Internal Revenue Code (NIRC), as amended and shall be allowed as deduction from the donorâ€™s gross income for purposes of computing the taxable income subject to the provisions of Section 29 (h) of the Code.
(b). Donations from foreign countries shall be exempt from taxes and duties on importation subject to the provisions of Section 105 of the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines, as amended, Section 103 of the NIRC, as amended and other relevant laws and international agreements.
(c). Local manufacturing of technical aids and appliances used by disabled persons shall be considered as a preferred area of investment subject to the provisions of Executive Order No. 226 otherwise known as the â€œOmnibus Investments Code of 1987â€ and, as such, shall enjoy the rights, privileges and incentives as provided in said Code such as, but not limited, to the following:
1). repatriation of investments;
2). remittance of earnings;
3). remittance of payments on foreign contracts;
4). freedom from expropriations;
5). freedom from requisition of investment;
6). income tax holiday;
7). additional deduction for labor expense;
8). tax and duty exemption on imported capital equipment;
9). tax credit on domestic capital equipment;
10). exemption from contractorâ€™s tax;
11). simplification of customs procedures;
12). unrestricted use of consigned equipment;
13). employment of foreign nationals;
14). tax credits for taxes and duties on raw materials;
15). access to bonded manufacturing/trading warehouse system;
16). exemption from taxes and duties on imported spare parts; and
17). Exemption from wharfage dues and any export tax, duty, impostand free.
SECTION 43. Continuity Clause â€“ Should any department or agency tasked with the enforcement or formulation of rules and regulations and guidelines for implementation of any provisions of this Act is abolished, merge with another department or agency or modified, such shall not affect the enforcement or formulation of rules, regulations and guidelines for implementation of this Act to the effect that â€“
(a). In case of abolition, the department or agency established to replace the abolished department or agency shall take-over the functions under this Act of the abolished department or agency.
(b). In case of the department or agency tasked with the enforcement of formulation of rules, regulations and guidelines for implementation of this Act is merged with another department or agency, the former shall continue the functions under this Act of the merged department or agency.
(c). In case of modification, the department or agency modified shall continue the functions under this Act of the department or agency that has undergone modification.
SECTION 44. Enforcement by the Secretary of Justice â€“
(a). Denial of Right
1). Duty to Investigate â€“ the Secretary of Justice shall investigate alleged violations of this Act, and shall undertake periodic reviews of compliance of covered entities under this Act.
(b). Potential Violations â€“ If the Secretary of Justice has reasonable cause to believe that â€“
1). any person or group of persons is engaged in a pattern of practice of discrimination under this Act; or
2). any person or group of persons has been discriminated against under this Act and such discrimination raises and issue of general public importance, the Secretary of Justice may commence a legal action in any appropriate court.
SECTION 45. Authority of Court â€“ The court may grant any equitable relief that such court considers to be appropriate, including, to the extent required
by this Act:
(a). granting temporary, preliminary or permanent relief;
(b). providing an auxiliary aid or service, modification of policy, practice or procedure, or alternative method; and
(c). making facilities readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities.
SECTION 46. Penal Clause â€“ (a) Any person who violates any provision of this Act shall suffer the following penalties:
1). for the first violation, a fine of not less than Fifty thousand pesos (P 50,000.00) but not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos(P 100,000.00) or imprisonment of not less than six (6) months but not more than two (2) years, or both at the discretion of the court; and
2). for any subsequent violation, a fine of not less than One hundred thousand pesos (P 100,000.00) but not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P 200,000.00) or imprisonment for less than two (2) years but not more than six (6) years, or both at the discretion of the court.
(b). Any person who abuses the privileges granted herein shall be punished with imprisonment of not less than six (6) months or a fine of not less than Five thousand pesos (P 5,000.00) but not more than Fifty thousand pesos (P 50,000.00), or both, at the discretion of the court.
(c). If the violator is a corporation, organization or any similar entity, the officials thereof directly involved shall be liable therefor.
(d). If the violator is an alien or a foreigner, he shall be deported immediately after service of sentence without further deportation proceedings.
SECTION 47. Appropriations â€“ The amount necessary to carry out the provision of this Act shall be included in the General Appropriation Act of the year following its enactment into law and thereafter.
SECTION 48. Separability Clause â€“ Should any provision of this Act be found unconstitutional by a court of law, such provisions shall be severed from the remainder of the Act, and such action shall not affect the enforceability of the remaining provisions of this Act.
SECTION 49. Repealing Clause â€“ All laws, presidential decrees, executive orders and rules and regulations inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
SECTION 50. Effectivity â€“ This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in any two (2) newspaper of general circulation.
RAMON V. MITRA
Speaker of the House
NEPTALI A. GONZALES
President of the Senate
This bill which is consolidation of Senate Bill No, 1286 and House Bill 35091, was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on January 22, 1992 and January 16, 1992, respectively.
CAMILO L. SABIO
House of Representatives
ANACLETO D. BADOY, JR.
Secretary of the Senate
Approved: March 24, 1992
CORAZON C. AQUINO
President of the Philippines